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HomeHealthThe new Law on Environmental Protection officially takes effect from 2022

The new Law on Environmental Protection officially takes effect from 2022

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Compared with the Law on Environmental Protection 2014, the new law introduces breakthrough policies in waste management and environmental protection from community, consumer to industry levels.

In particular, the Law on Environmental Protection 2020 contains many provisions to promote the circular economy, with the extended producer liability (EPR) instrument in articles 54 and 55. This is a tool that is assessed as impactful, was introduced into the law many years ago but there is no enforcement mechanism.

The new law also recognizes the community as a subject in environmental protection, changes the method of environmental management for investment projects, strictly controls production and business activities that are likely to affect the environment.

The Law on Environmental Protection 2020 stipulates waste collection fees shall be calculated by volume, instead of per capita fees as before. This regulation is implemented by issuing garbage bags with corresponding sizes and selling them to the people. The price of the garbage bags will replace the environmental protection fee.

To reduce waste collection fees, people need to classify wastes. Only non-recyclable household wastes will be placed in toll collection bags. Regulations on garbage classification are also set out in the new law. Specifically, each family has 3 trash cans for recyclable wastes, organic wastes, and garbage with no recycling value. Families and individuals that fail to classify garbage will be refused collection and transportation.

These regulations are expected to maintain effective waste classification practices at source, which is considered a very weak link in the process of implementing the circular economy. In addition, it contributes to complying with the principle of “polluters must pay for their acts” and removes the principle of “the same waste collection fee” per person, which demotivates residents in classifying garbage and protecting the environment.

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